The Yalta Conference was held in February 1945, towards the end of World War II. It was attended by the leaders of the three major Allied powers: the United States, Great Britain, and the Soviet Union. The conference was held in the city of Yalta, in the Crimean Peninsula of the Soviet Union.
At the conference, the leaders of the Allied powers discussed various topics related to the end of the war and the post-war world. One of the major agreements that came out of the conference was the partitioning of Germany into four occupation zones, to be controlled by the United States, Great Britain, France, and the Soviet Union.
Another agreement reached at Yalta was the recognition of the Soviet Union`s right to influence the political and economic policies of Eastern European countries, which the Soviet Union referred to as its “sphere of influence.”
However, the Yalta Agreement has been criticized by some as a betrayal of the principles of democracy and self-determination. The Soviet Union quickly established puppet regimes in the countries of Eastern Europe, effectively suppressing any opposition and curtailing the political freedoms of the people in those countries.
This betrayal of the principles of democracy and self-determination led to the Cold War, a period of tension and hostility between the United States and the Soviet Union that lasted for several decades.
The legacy of the Yalta Agreement continues to be felt today. It serves as a reminder of the importance of upholding democratic principles and the right to self-determination, and the dangers of sacrificing those principles for the sake of expediency or political gain.